“The greatest history book ever written is the one hidden in our DNA.”
—Dr. Spencer Wells
"We declare at the outset that we do not make any positive assertion that anything we shall say is wholly as we affirm it to be. We merely report accurately on each thing as our impressions of it are at the moment." --Sextus Empiricus
About this family history
Many years of intense research have yielded a database that is a major source of genealogical information on most of our families. Some people have been included to show relationships only and are not well documented. This occurs especially where I have not personally researched the family or individual or where information about them is readily available in the public domain -- especially presidents and royalty. Unlike some genealogists, I sometimes cite internet and personal sources that may lack evidence, and I include alternative data. The reason for this is that I have often benefited greatly from clues found in undocumented sources and I believe every genealogist should have the same opportunity to analyze every bit of information available. Therefore, I do not withhold anything that might be of value to a future researcher. By including my sources, I invite everyone to evalute them for themselves, recognizing that there is no such thing as "proof" in genealogy. One will always find conflicting information -- or no information -- that forces us to make assumptions. I have also added a number of collateral lines in an effort to establish a broad database for DNA testing.
My sincere thanks go to all those who have contributed valuable information that has added to our knowledge of our family -- you know who you are! For confidentiality purposes, I have omitted all details for living persons.
Here you will find notable relatives -- Mayflower passengers, Revolutionary War participants, presidents, kings, queens, knights, and more. But you will also find many more ordinary folk -- farmers, blacksmiths, ministers, soldiers, sailors, butchers, postmen, and undertakers. Virtually all came from England, Holland or Germany and settled in New England or New York. We thank them all for their courage and determination. We are their legacy.
Genealogy is a never-ending study, and I am always thrilled to find new information. All comments, suggestions and corrections are welcome, but please help me preserve the integrity of my data by furnishing sources.
Good luck in your quest!
If you're new to genealogy...
If you are new to genealogy and genetic genealogy, it can be overwhelming at first. You would probably benefit from joining a local genealogy group. Ask about how to find one at your local library. They can also suggest library books to help you get started.
The basic premise of genealogy is to start with yourself. Record what you know -- names, dates and places of birth, baptism, marriage. Then do the same for your parents and also include death and burial information. Talk to relatives to learn what they remember, ask if they have photos, did they move and why, etc. Go back one generation at a time. That makes it manageable. Add siblings and more information such as occupation, military status, schools they attended, historical events, etc. as you find it, just to "put flesh on the bones," so to speak. Once you have two or three generations fairly well defined, go to Family Search, register for a free account, enter your relatives' names, and see if they already have some info. Do the same with Wikitree. (Be careful not to "adopt" the wrong person with a similar name.)
If you've taken a DNA test, you're looking for matches. They are relatives, oftentimes two, three or more generations removed from you, so the more information you have gathered about your own ancestors and their descendants the more you are likely to be able to identify these matches. See the DNA section (Click the DNA tab above) for more information.
Finally, heed this advice from the National Genealogical Society:
Genealogical Proof Standard (GPS)
To reach a sound conclusion, we need to meet all five components of the GPS:
- Reasonable exhaustive research.
- Complete and accurate source citations.
- Thorough analysis and correlation.
- Resolution of conflicting evidence.
- Soundly written conclusion based on the strongest evidence.
A word about navigating this site
To orient yourself, you may want to use the Search form to find a specific nonliving person by clicking the Search tab, above. Or visit the Charts section first; just click on the Charts tab then click on any of the chart titles that interest you. Or check the Surnames or Master Index. Find the surname in which you are interested and browse the entries. Names such as Adele of France or Louis III where no surname exists are indexed as surnames. By contrast, females whose birth surnames no doubt exist but are unknown are included under the heading Unknown. An asterisk (*) attached to the first name signifies that this person was an immigrant to America, usually the first person in a line to leave the country of origin. Notice that I have used icons, as follows:
A tiny pedigree symbol means this person is an ancestor of Doris, Marilyn and Diane.
A head means that at least one photo is available for this person.
A camera beside a photo means there is another photo for this person.
The DNA symbol means this person is a DNA match to Doris or Marilyn or is the first nonliving person in line to the probable MRCA or is a confirmed ancestor, proven by DNA matching. Find the ID numbers using the Search tab.
An American flag means that this person served in one of America's wars.
A crown means that this is a head of state, usually either a person of royalty or a president of the United States.
A globe means that this person was the first in his or her line to immigrate to America.
A document means that a story, certificate or other item can be viewed by clicking.
If you want to "bookmark" a person in order to find his or her page quickly in the future, just right click on the name in the index and save as or copy and paste the link address in the address bar of your browser. There are links to photos, charts and people throughout, so be sure to experiment. Anything underlined is a link. Every time you click on a link, it will take you to a new page, a different person, a chart or even another website. I hope you will enjoy browsing my site. It is my privilege to make it available to you. If you use my data, I hope you will first validate it (and let me know if you find errors), then credit this site.
What's next? The wonders of genetic genealogy
Today, everyone's DNA is valuable. When this website launched, there were only two tests available: Y-DNA for surname studies and mtDNA for finding one's early maternal line roots. Now we also have atDNA for autosomal, pedigree-wide tests that everyone can take... and should. Each person inherits 50% of each parent's autosomal DNA. What happens to the other 50%? It is lost forever unless there are multiple siblings who each inherit bits and pieces other siblings did not. To learn more about DNA testing for genealogy, click on the DNA tab in the menu bar above. The next paragraph describes my personal DNA surname studies.
These projects are underway to advance and solidify my research and that of anyone interested in the names Worden/Warden/Werden, Southard/Southworth/Southwood, Tigges/Tiegs, Tipple/Teeple and Willour/Wheeler (and all similar spellings). See the Charts tab, above, and the DNA project links below to view results of these studies. In addition, a geographic DNA study launched in January 2008 is specifically designed for the descendants of Palatine emigrants, most of whom settled in the Hudson Valley in 1710 on their arrival in America. I founded all of these projects and continue to be the project manager for a few. I welcome any questions. All interested parties are invited to visit the websites; simply click on any of the links below. It is important to find more males who carry these surnames to take part in the studies. I encourage all living males, especially the oldest or last in a line, to have their Y-DNA tested, regardless of their surname. (Reduced prices may be available if you join one of the many free projects at FTDNA.)
Finally, please be sure to write me if I can answer any questions or if you can help me make my database better (more complete, more accurate, etc.). Comments and suggestions are always welcome. Just click on my name at the bottom of any page to send me an email.